In a single day, Tuesday, September 5th, 1961, 17 “non-whites” were hanged in Pretoria Prison. Included among them was Elizabeth Khambule, hanged with two accomplices for the murder of a white woman in Johannesburg in October 1960.

Nine men were hanged for the murder of nine policemen in January 1960. One man was hanged for “violent” burglary, while another was executed for raping two white women in Cape Town. The other three were all convicted of murder.