On JULY 22nd, 2011, a large bomb left inside a Volkswagen Crafter outside government buildings in Oslo, Norway, was detonated, killing eight. The vehicle had been rented by Anders Behring Breivik a few days earlier.

Within hours of the explosion Breivik arrived by ferry at Ut?ya Island, the site of the national Labour Party youth camp, disguised as a police officer and carrying a Glock handgun and a Ruger semi-automatic rifle. Gaining access to the camp, Breivik then opened fire on the unarmed teenagers and staff. The attack left 69 dead, the youngest victim was only 14 years old.

Armed police from Oslo arrived and Breivik surrendered without resistance. Under interrogation he showed no remorse and confessed willingly, stating that he attacked Norwegian government buildings and those affiliated with political organisations as a protest at his disagreement with European policies and immigration laws.

Pre-trial assessments of his mental state were contradictory – two teams of forensic psychiatrists examined Breivik – the first diagnosed paranoid schizophrenia, the second concluded that Breivik was not psychotic and diagnosed narcissistic personality disorder. His trial began on April 16th, 2012.

Breivik was found guilty of mass murder and terrorism on August 24th, 2012. He received a sentence of 21 years – with a minimum of 10 years and further detention as long as he is deemed a danger to society – the maximum under Norwegian law and effectively a life sentence.